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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-13

Nutrition assessment tools in children with chronic kidney disease

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, St John's Medical College Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Arpana Iyengar
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, St John's Medical College Hospital, Bengaluru - 560 034, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajpn.ajpn_8_22

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Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are vulnerable to undernutrition and its accompanying consequences. Assessment of nutrition in these children is confounded by the presence of edema and overhydration. There is no single measure that can comprehensively reflect the underlying nutrition status. Hence, there is a need to explore nutrition assessment tools that reflect body composition without being affected by hydration status. Many tools of assessment that are widely studied in adults with CKD get extrapolated to children. Studies on nutritional assessment focusing on pediatric patients with CKD are needed for early recognition and long-term monitoring of nutrition status. This review attempts to provide an understanding of the utility and limitations of tools available for assessment of nutrition and body composition in the context of undernutrition in pediatric CKD.

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